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Energy Efficient Products

Understanding the Energy Label

Overview of the Energy Label

Understanding the Energy Label

Sample energy label
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    The language-neutral logo. A bolt as last letter in the word ENERG is to replace a desinence that varies in different EU languages (e.g. Energy, Energie, Energia, Energía, Énergie, Energija, Enerģija, Energi, etc.)

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    QR code with link to EPREL

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    Energy efficiency classes (with a scale from A to G)

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    Energy efficiency class of this product model.

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    Energy consumption

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    Indication of additional non-energy parameters (noise emissions, water consumption, capacity, repairability or reliability class, etc.)

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    Reference to the regulation

For more information about the different energy labels for each product please consult the Product list page and view each specific product.

A new generation of labels

After a generation of labels using classes above A (A+,A++, A+++), it was in 2017 decided to gradually return to a simpler scale with A as the best in order to be more understandable to consumers. The revised classes will also be more ambitious and thus pave the way for more innovative and energy efficient products. Since 2021, the current energy label with energy classes from A+++ to D are gradually being replaced with a new, simpler scale from A (most efficient) to G (least efficient).

This article, published in 2021, further explains the new generation of EU energy labels.

What are the main changes with the new Energy Efficiency Labels?

Read more about the changes

The evolution of labels

The images below illustrate the transition of the latest 3 generations of labels, for fridges and freezers (note: contrary to the A to G to A+++ to D evolution, no precise mapping of a class into another of the newest label is possible because the parameters and test methods used to classify the performance have evolved).

How the rescaling of labels evolved: from A-G, to A+++D, then back to A-G
How the rescaling of labels evolved: the example of refrigerators.
European Commission - Reproduction permitted citing the source.

The history of the label in a timeline

  1. 1976

    First EU measure regarding information on energy use of appliances

  2. 1979

    First Framework Energy Labelling Directive and first EU-designed label 

  3. 1992

    First framework for mandatory/EU wide Energy Labelling 

  4. 1994

    First EU-designed, mandatory label (refrigerators/freezers) 

  5. 2010

    Energy labelling made possible for more energy-related products

  6. 2017

    Current energy labelling framework – product registration in EU databases (EPREL) decided & back to A-G scale

  7. 2021

    QR codes on labels become operational

  8. 2022

    EPREL database search tool available online

Read more about the history of Energy Labelling in the EU

Labels worldwide

The energy label is not only popular in the EU, variants of it are used also in many third countries.

To learn more about appliance standards and labelling programmes worldwide, consult for example the Energy Labels & Standards Analysis IEA.

energy labels from different countries

Guidance for manufacturers and dealers

guidance note on the labels rescaling and transition periods is available since June 2020.

In addition, from 1 January 2019, suppliers (manufacturers, importers or authorised representatives) have to upload information about their products into the European Product Registry for Energy Labelling (EPREL) before placing these products on the European market. Consumers have been able to search the database for energy labels and product information sheets as of March 2021 for the first rescaled product categories.

Read more about the creation, format and printing of the energy label.


10 JANUARY 2024
Factsheet - The New Energy Label