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Energy Efficient Products


What do suppliers need to know?

Roles and Obligations

Ecodesign legislation and obligations of manufacturers

The EU Ecodesign Directive establishes a framework under which manufacturers of energy-related products are obliged to design their products in order to improve the energy efficiency and reduce other negative environmental impacts occurring throughout the product life cycle. The Ecodesign framework will be replaced and expanded by the Regulation on Ecodesign for sustainable products (ESPR), which, following the approach under the Ecodesign Directive, will allow the setting of Ecodesign requirements, either per product group or on horizontal aspects (common to more than one product group), to be prioritised under the ESPR Working plan 2025-2027.

Energy-related products sold in the domestic, commercial and industrial sectors are covered by the Directive (with the exception of  means of transport which are covered by other legislation).

Ecodesign aims at setting minimum energy and environmental performance requirements: it sets a baseline in terms of product quality as a condition for placing any product on the Union market. Thresholds in terms of efficiency performance during the various functioning phases or when in standby, thresholds for water consumption or noise emissions, provisions of mandatory information to buyers, disassembling for repair or dismantling for recycling prescriptions are examples of requirements set in specific implementing regulations on energy-related products under Ecodesign.

For a precise understanding of these obligations, please consult the legislative text of the Ecodesign Directive 2009/125/EC and the specific implementing measures for the products groups in the scope of the legislation.

You may find useful answers to possible outstanding or pressing questions in the specific FAQ sections for suppliers.

Energy Labelling legislation and obligations of suppliers

Complementary and synergic to Ecodesign, Energy Labelling requirements aim at providing information about the same performance and for some parameters, classify such performance for an easy comparison, thus providing a tool for a more purchase informed choice

Even though the policy framework exists since 1994 (Council Directive 92/75/EEC), it was reviewed for the first time in 2010 (Directive 2010/30/EU), with the last update being made in 2017, through Regulation (EU) 2017/1369 setting a framework for Energy Labelling. The energy label is now one of the most well-known, successful and longstanding energy policy tools to save energy and money for consumers and the business.

Beyond the requirements on the provision of the energy label, the Energy Labelling Regulation requires, from 1 January 2019, that suppliers, prior to placing on the Union market any product in the scope of the Energy Labelling legislation, register any such model in the product database (Article 12 of the Labelling Regulation (EU) 2017/1369). Registrations are to be done in a specific secured system. Models registrations become publicly available in the public database, known as EPREL, from the date declared as the 'date of placing on the market'. The supplier shall indicate in the database, later one, when it no longer places on the market units of a model.

The supplier shall ensure that each individual unit of product placed on the Union market is accompanied by an accurate printed label in accordance with the framework Energy Labelling Regulation and the relevant delegated act. The EPREL system can generate the label, once all relevant parameter values are entered. A product information sheet is also automatically generated by EPREL, in all official EU languages and should be provided to the customer on request, although the public EPREL system may directly provide it.

Customers can retrieve from EPREL the label and all public information, including the Product Information Sheet (in any language) by searching the model in EPREL or by scanning the QR code on a printed label.

Delegated acts may provide that the label is printed on the packaging of the product (e.g. light sources or electronic displays). Specific and detailed requirements are foreseen for retailers or distributors, both in traditional stores and in on-line ones, for the display of the energy label and provision of complementary information.

For a precise understanding of these obligations, please consult the text of the Energy Labelling Regulation (EU) 2017/1369 and the specific delegated measures for the products groups in the scope of the legislation. Please consult the specific section for a complete list of products in the scope of the Energy Labelling legislation

You may find useful answers to possible outstanding or pressing questions in the specific FAQ sections for suppliers.

Economic operators (who does what?)

Within the context of Ecodesign and Energy Labelling, a network of economic actors collaborates to ensure the efficient and sustainable use of energy resources. These actors play distinct roles and contribute to the overall effectiveness of these regulatory frameworks.

Find more information here below about their roles and responsibilities:

What is EPREL?

Access EPREL (as a supplier, to register)

EPREL is hosted by the European Commission. The system where models have to be registered, known as Compliance EPREL system is hosted in a secured network and is completely different from the Public EPREL system, for free consultation, that is only mirroring the public information part (updated on a daily basis).

To access the Compliance system, a user has to first create an account in the Commission environment, called EU Login.

Once created the EU Login profile and entering the EPREL platform for the first time, the user is asked to create the supplier's EPREL Organisation, by entering the required company data.

The EU Login user profile creating the Supplier organisation becomes a 'Supplier Admin', with top privileges.

The Supplier Admin has then to trigger the 'supplier verification process', involving the provision of the required proof of identity and establishment in the Union, as better detailed in the next section.

The Supplier Admin can also simultaneously 'invite' additional users to help in the registration activity, by sending an email. The invited recipients will have to create themselves an EU Login (unless have it already, having used other Commission services).

In short, the preliminary steps, to be executed once, involve:

  1. EU-Login user account creation 
  2. Organisation creation (by such EU Login, then becoming the top Supplier Admin(istrator) for that supplier)
  3. (optional) Invitation of additional users (that can get different roles, with different access rights as attributed by the Supplier Admin)
  4. Passing the supplier verification process, (to be executed by the Supplier Admin, once).

Only after the completion of the above mentioned steps, product models can be registered.

In a transitional phase, it has been possible to register product models without having passed the 'Supplier verification', however from 22 October 2024 this is not possible anymore. 

For a detailed, step by step, description of the process, please consult the more detailed EPREL User Manual for Suppliers

Register a model in EPREL

Since 1 January 2019, suppliers (manufacturers, importers or authorised representatives established in the EU and EEA (Norway, Iceland and Lichtenstein)) must register products required to have an EU energy label in the EPREL database before placing them on the EU market. As part of the Northern Ireland (XI) Protocol under the UK withdrawal agreement from the EU, these rules also apply in Northern Ireland as well (after 1 January 2021). 

Manufacturers established in third countries (i.e. outside EU/EEA and XI) need an importer or an authorised representative established in one of the countries/territories mentioned above to register their products.

Once the supplier organisation has been created in EPREL and it has been electronically verified, then product models can be registered. A wiki also offers detailed instructions on how to manage the registration process in EPREL. However, until entry into force of Regulation (EU) 2024/994, the model registration can be performed also before the verification successful completion. 

For a detailed, step by step, description of the process, please consult the more detailed EPREL User Manual for Suppliers.  

Public SystemCompliance System
Browse modelsRegister models

Suppliers verification

To ensure that the information entered and published in EPREL is genuine and from reliable source, before registering models, suppliers need to pass a verification process where both their identity and their establishment in the Union is electronically verified. The establishment in the Union is a requirement enshrined in the Labelling Regulation and necessary to enforce compliance by national Member State Authorities performing market surveillance. 

Regulation (EU) 2024/994, sets operational details on the functioning of EPREL, including the modalities of the verification and the type of accepted certificates, in electronic form. The electronic verification has been possible on a voluntary basis until start of application of such Regulation and was not a pre-requisite to register models before start of application of that Regulation.

The verification process is entirely electronically managed and relies on the provision, by the supplier of  a declaration 'sealed' by the means of a 'qualified electronic seal' (for legal persons) or by declarations bearing 'qualified electronic signatures' (only for natural persons - relatively more complex but relevant only for a small minority of suppliers). Please have a look at the timeline of the modalities for becoming a 'verified supplier' in the graph below at the end of this text.

The verification has to be passed, by each supplier, only once (and not for each model). The certificates for the verification have to be valid at least until the date of completion of the verification process, thus, in principle, a validity far beyond such date is not necessary and the verification is not invalidated once the certificate (i.e. the electronic seal) expires. A new verification will have to be passed only if any conditions in the status of the supplier change later (e.g. because of a merge or split of the company, a change in the address or of the CEO sealing the declaration, etc.).

Suppliers that are legal persons shall submit evidence of their identity and of their establishment within the Union by means of a qualified electronic seal supported by a qualified certificate for electronic seal, issued by a qualified trust service provider (QTSP) pursuant to Regulation (EU) 910/2014 (eIDAS).

A list of active qualified trust service providers in available in the eIDAS Dashboard.

An electronic signature of the authorised representative of a supplier which is a legal person is not accepted because not providing the necessary evidence of the establishment in the Union of the supplier organisation. Such proof is part of the content of the electronic seal that includes a three-character legal person identity type reference set to the value ‘NTR’ (for National Trade register, such as a chamber of commerce, merchant register or other business/trade register) and the complete registration number, at national or local level, as part of the organizationIdentifier element in the electronic seal according to the standard ETSI EN 319 412-1. Article 4 of Regulation (EU) 2024/994 provides the details of the required evidence required in electronic format. 

Suppliers that are natural persons shall submit evidence of their identity by means of a qualified electronic signature but, in addition, shall also submit evidence of their own establishment within the Union and, if appropriate, of having received a written mandate as authorised representative of a manufacturer not established in the Union, to act on its behalf for registering in EPREL product models of that manufacturer. Article 5 of the Regulation (EU) 2024/994 provides the details of the required evidence required in electronic format. 

A list of those QTSP that have declared interest in supporting the provision of the qualified electronic seal, in the format required for EPREL verification, is available here.

For a detailed, step by step, description of the process, please consult the more detailed EPREL User Manual for Suppliers.  

Verification of Suppliers: Main deadlines

Legal Persons

  1. 22/10/2024
    Suppliers verification becomes mandatory
    • To register or perform any editing of registered models, suppliers have to be already verified (Article 3)
    • Models registered by suppliers still not verified after this date are not listed in searches anymore, are not retrievable via APIs and only appear if the registration number is entered (typing the number or via QR reading), (Article 7)
    • Any "identity type" accepted in a transitional period (NTR, VAT, LEI, PSD, xx:) (Article 6.1 derogating Article 4)
  2. 22/04/2025
    National trade/business registration code into the seals becomes mandatory
    • electronic seals with 'NTR' (National Trade/business registration) is the only identity type accepted from this date (Article 4, end of derogation as from Article 6.1).  No end of validity set for these seals (unless differently regulated by a future regulation)
    • Verifications using seals with VAT, LEI, PSD and  xx: identity types completed before this date remain valid (Article 7.1), but only until 22/04/2027 (Article 7.2)
  3. 22/04/2027
    End of validity for any verification not including the national trade/business registration code
    • Verifications completed, before 22/4/2025, using seals with VAT, LEI, PSD and xx: identity types need to be renewed and the national trade/business registration code needs to be provided and verified using seals with the "NTR" identity type (Article 6.2)

Natural Persons

  1. 22/10/2024
    Verification becomes mandatory

    Digitally signed Business/trade Certificate to be provided (Articles 5.3.a and 5.3.b)

    Trademark authorisation by the owner to be provided (Articles 5.3.c)

List of Trust Service Providers (QTSP)

The Member States of the European Union and European Economic Area publish trusted lists of qualified trust service providers (QTSP) in accordance with the eIDAS Regulation. A complete list, managed by the European Commission of all EU/EEA Qualified Trust Service Provides is available via the eIDAS dashboard.

A number of QTSP  that have explicitly declared their support for delivering the 'specific' desired service for EPREL are listed below. Providers not in this list are anyhow, in principle, qualified for providing the required service.

List of Trust Service Providers having confirmed services for delivery of qualified seals according to modalities and formats for EPREL supplier verification:

Please recall that this is an open market: any provider, in principle, established in any country may provide the service to a supplier in a different country (limitations, if any, are indicated in the table).

QTSPs willing to be included in this list can provide all details writing to ENER-energy-efficiency-portalatec [dot] europa [dot] eu (EC-EFFICIENT-PRODUCTS-PORTAL[at]ec[dot]europa[dot]eu).

More Energy Labelling Tools

The EPREL database generates all energy labels based on the data that suppliers entered when registering their product models. Every product is available from a model description page in EPREL, where labels and product information sheets can be viewed and downloaded. These labels are also available in high resolution and vectorial format for use by professionals. Access to the models description page is possible in these ways

  • for products that have the new labels, (dishwashers, washing machines, washer-dryers, electronic display, domestic refrigerators, commercial refrigerators, vehicle tyres and light sources) with a QR code, by simply scanning the code.
  • by entering the model identifier (and or the trademark) in the search page for each product group in EPREL
  • via Application Programming Interfaces (API): this modality is suggested for on-line stores that have the obligation to display label and product information sheets close to the price indication. Further guidance and information on the syntax of APIs is available in the EPREL wiki (EU login required).

As the registration of products is mandatory, manual generation of labels is only intended to 'reproduce' labels for specific graphical needs (e.g. brochures or printouts on boxes): energy label templates are available for this purpose (InDesign and other file formats).

Read more about the creation, format and printing of the energy label.

Useful links

EPREL User Manual for Suppliersa PDF manual providing step-by-step information on how to register product models in EPREL.

Commission Notice on the implementation of EU products C/2016/1958, The ‘Blue Guide: this notice provides clarifications on a number of concepts and terms such as 'making available on the market', 'placing on the market', 'CE marking', 'conformity assessment', market surveillance', etc.

List of products in the scope of Ecodesign or Energy Labelling legislation: this page provides a complete list of the regulated products. Some are only regulated by Ecodesign and do not involve registration into the EPREL database. Some are also or only regulated by Energy Labelling legislation, involving registration obligations.

The Framework Labelling Regulation (EU) 2017/1369 setting a framework for Energy Labelling 

The Commission Implementing the Regulation (EU) 2024/994 laying down operational details of the product database established under Regulation (EU) 2017/1369.

CircaBC label templates repository